Road side safety is a growing concern and being able to change a flat tyre is something that every driver should be able to do.
As soon as you suspect you have a flat tyre, immediately slow down and steer your vehicle safely off the road. Make sure it is safe to change the wheel.
Turn on the hazard lights (critical at night time) and Making sure the handbrake is on put the car into first gear (park for an automatic). Refer to your car's user manual to find where the jacking point is.
Remove the spare wheel, wrench and jack from the boot of your car.
Making sure the jack is on firm ground attach the jack then use it to lift the car up just above the ground.
Remove the wheel nuts
Remove the wheel
Place the new tyre onto your wheels hub, Fit the spare wheel, tighten the wheel nuts then lower the jack.
Go to the nearest garage and get your damaged tyre fixed or replaced.
When you place your flat tyre in the boot, remember to secure it to the car. Leaving an unrestrained tyre to slide around can be dangerous.
Dealing With A Blow Out - A blow out is when a tyre bursts whilst you are driving. If ever you find yourself is in this situation here's what to do.
Keep your eyes firmly on the road and both hands on the steering wheel.
Keep the steering wheel in a steady position, making only slight movements.
Turn on your hazard lights to show that you are having a problem. If you are on the motorway in any lane other than the inside then don't do this straight away as it may cause impatient people to undercut you and increase the chances of an accident.
Try and identify where you can bring the vehicle to a stop, outside the main traffic flow - if on a motorway this will be the hard shoulder, or you may need to just pull up in a lay-by or at the side of the road, avoiding any bends.
Don't apply the brake but do take your foot off the accelerator and try to coast - slowing down gently (this is because if you have a faulty tyre, braking heavily can make your car swerve uncontrollably and cause a collision).
As your car slows down drive into the identified 'safe' spot taking care not to rush and keeping a close eye on traffic around you. If you have your hazards on then hopefully other road users will realize you have a problem and will allow you to leave the flow of traffic.
Park up and get yourself and your passengers out of the car, taking care that you do not put yourself or them in danger from passing cars. Move a safe distance away from the car.